Why Sudan


Sudan has a strategic location in the heart of the African continent. Its borders are connected to seven African and Arab countries: Egypt, Libya, Chad, the Central African Republic,South Sudan ,the Federal Republic of Ethiopia and Eritrea, and the Red Sea separates Saudi Arabia from Sudan.

the climate

Sudan has a desert climate in the north while the rich Savannah and poor Savannah are found in western and central Sudan. The period from March to July is at a high temperature ranging from 42 to 27 and temperatures begin to decline at the start of the rainy season in July, which lasts until October, and the weather is mild during the period from November to February where the temperature ranges between 28 degrees Celsius Day and 16 ° C at night.

Official working hours

Institutions, ministries and the government sector are open at 7:30 am and 2:30 pm.

While banks and banks operate from 8:30 am to 1:00 pm.

Capital: Khartoum

The capital of the three cities is Khartoum, Khartoum Bahri and Omdurman, the national and federal capital of the country, where the ministries, offices and government departments are based. The Federal Capital is located at the confluence of the Blue Nile and the White Nile and has been officially declared as the capital of Arab culture for 2005.

Sudan also has important cities such as Port Sudan, the main port of Sudan, as well as state capitals such as Dongola, El Fasher, Nyala and Wad Madani.

Economic indicators:

  • GDP is $ 13 billion.
  • GDP per capita is $ 380.
  • Economic growth rate <6.2%
  • Inflation rate of 5.6%

The most important agricultural crops:

Cotton – sesame – peanuts – sun flower – millet – Kurdish.

The banking sector:

  • The number of banks is 26 banks.
  • Loan and advances portfolio of $ 459 million.
  • The deposit portfolio is $ 97 million.

Demographic and Social Indicators:

  • The proportion of Sudan’s population under the age of 15 is 42%.
  • The number of students enrolled in higher education institutions is about 300,000
  • The number of public universities is 26.
  • The number of universities and private colleges 36 universities
  • The length of Sudan’s railway is about 5,901 km.
  • The length of the road is about 11,000 miles.
  • Nautical navigation is second in importance and the length of the waterway is estimated at 3,000 nautical miles but the navigational length of the year is about 1,500 miles.


Sudan is about 1.88 million square kilometers and Sudan is one of the top 10 countries in the world.


Sudan’s population is estimated at 33.9 million people with population growth (2.6%) annually. About 75% of the economically active population is engaged in agricultural production, both animal and vegetable. And the proportion of the population under the age of fifteen about 42%, which means that the state of a young state and rely heavily on the next generation for the next ten years.


The system of government is the federal system. The Sudan is divided into 17 states. Each state has wide legislative and executive powers. The state elects its legislature, cabinet, and state government..

Major exports:

  • Crude oil is $ 1.2 billion.
  • Gasoline $ 88 million.
  • Natural gas $ 420 million.
  • Cotton is $ 45 million.
  • The gum arabic is 24 million.
  • Peanuts are $ 8.7 million.
  • Animal products $ 8 million.
  • Meat $ 14 million.
  • He went 39 million dollars.
  • Other $ 68 million.
  • Sudan’s average natural gum production is about 256.38 tonnes peryear

The most important imports:

  • Agricultural production inputs.
  • Electrical and electronic devices.
  • Building materials.
  • Pharmaceutical drugs.
  • Foodstuffs.
  • Machinery Equipment.

The most important imports:

Gold – chrome – gypsum – marble – silver and manganese.

Industrial production:

Sugar, soft water, biscuits, sweets, starch and glucose, cement, tires, stones, batteries, paints, textiles, ready-made clothes, shoes, refrigerators,

Investment climate

In the belief of the State of the importance of creating an environment conducive to investment, the Ministry of Federal Investment in 2003, which provided packages of advantages – the issuance of the investment law in 1999 amended 2000, and facilities to encourage investment in Sudan and focused on the following axes:

  • Drawing up general policies for investment activities in Sudan and developing plans and strategies to attract investments.
  • Simplify procedures and work with Oasis.
  • Expanding the investment base by attracting foreign and local capital in coordination with Sudanese free zones.
  • To benefit from the economic blocs, especially the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), which has a population of about 350 million and an increase intradeThrough the Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (XY).